Economy

Turkey Elections: Erdogan Wins Second Term

Turkey Elections: Erdogan Wins Second Term

The People's Alliance, between Erdogan's AK Party and the nationalist MHP, also secured a parliamentary majority with a combined share of 53.7 percent, according to the unofficial results.

But it was clear before polls opened that the election was being held under unfair conditions, not least given the state of emergency in place since the July 2016 coup attempt, as well as the imprisonment of a presidential candidate on spurious terrorism charges.

Erdoğan struck a defiant tone in his victory speech early on Monday in Ankara, saying Turkey had set "an example" for the rest of the world, vowing to carry on military campaigns in Syria, fight terror groups and raise Turkey's global prestige.

He is loved by millions of devoutly Muslim working class Turks for delivering years of stellar economic growth and overseeing the construction of roads, bridges, airports, hospitals and schools.

Critics of Mr Erdogan, including human rights groups, accuse him of destroying the independence of the courts and media freedoms.

Ince, 54, had condemned what he says are the excesses of the security state under Erdogan and pledged to end emergency rule if elected. He says it will be lifted soon.

According to unofficial results as of writing, Erdoğan received 52.5 percent of the vote-an outright victory, bucking opinion polls that predicted a run-off-with opposition candidate Muharrem İnce receiving 30.6 percent.

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Analyst and columnist Avni Ozgurel said that while the new system will allow Turkey to be governed in a more efficient and stable manner in the long-run, it is bound to run into problems during its initial implementation stage. But democracy and secularism have steadily been eroded under Erdogan.

"Turkey is staging a democratic revolution", he told reporters after casting his own vote in Istanbul.

The Turkish president has controlled the country's politics for the past 15 years. Under the system, the office of the prime minister is eliminated and executive powers are transferred to the president, who can rule with limited checks and balances.

Erdogan became president in 2014 after 11 years as prime minister.

"The new regime that takes effect from today is a major danger for Turkey". Critics say it will further erode democracy in the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation member state and entrench one-man rule.

People walk past a poster for Turkey's President Tayyip Erdogan in Istanbul, Turkey, June 25, 2018.

Who won the Turkey election?

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The secularist CHP draws support broadly from Turkey's urban, educated middle class. The pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party has 11.2 percent, passing the 10 percent threshold to enter into the assembly. He faces 142 years in prison if convicted.

Turnout was high at around 87 per cent of for both contests, the state broadcaster said.

"The incumbent president and his party enjoyed a notable advantage, also reflected in excessive coverage by government-funded, public and private media", OSCE special coordinator Ignacio Sanchez Amor told a press conference Monday.

The presidential and parliamentary elections, held more than a year early on Sunday, complete NATO-member Turkey's transition from a parliamentary system of government to a presidential one in a process started with a referendum last year.

"So domestically there is still a political horizon that Erdogan has to take into account".

The Turkish lira and stocks sagged after initial gains, and economists said the outlook was uncertain.

The stakes in the election were particularly high because of the enhanced powers for the new president under a new constitution agreed in an April 2017 referendum strongly backed by Erdogan.

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Erdogan has declared himself an "enemy of interest rates", raising fears he will pressure the central bank to cut borrowing costs after the election despite double-digit inflation.


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