Health Care

Low-fat diet as effective as low-carb for losing weight

Low-fat diet as effective as low-carb for losing weight

Instead, the goal was to explore which factors - genetic patterns and insulin resistance - might predict success for people on the two diets; in other words, "Which diet is best for whom?" However, there was a lot of weight loss variability among people for each type of diet, which suggests that what works for some people won't necessarily work the same way for others. "It's time for US and other national policies to stop focusing on calories and calorie counting".

Individuals in the low-fat group were told to eat foods such as brown quinoa, fresh fruit, legumes, rice, barley, steel-cut oats, lentils, lean meats and low-fat dairy products.

He added that the best way to lose weight is to eat less sugar, consume more vegetables, and go for whole food, whether that is a wheatberry salad or grass-fed beef.

Gardner said it makes sense.

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Some people follow low-carb diets and some believe low-fat diet could help them to shed the pounds but a new study suggests that both sides are right. "We have gobs of data that we can use in secondary, exploratory studies", Dr Gardner said.

Of course, many dieters regain what they lose, and this study can not establish whether participants will be able to sustain their new habits.

"Over one year, the low-fat group lost 12 pounds on average", he tells EndocrineWeb, and "group following the low carb diet lost about 13 pounds". (0.7 kg) - the difference within each diet group was more varied and more interesting, Gardner said.

They found the key to losing weight is enjoying high-quality food, not worrying about which type of eating regime to follow.

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Study leader Professor Christopher Gardner said fizzy drinks, for example, may be low in fat but they are not healthy. We said, 'Don't go out and buy a low-fat brownie just because it says low fat. "Low Calories!" Doesn't matter, and what works for one person may not work for another.

"I'm hoping that we can come up with signatures of sorts", says Gardner. "We've had to do that so many times in the past'". There was still, however, huge weight loss variability among them. In fact it's not the diet that you should be mindful of, but your body. "This study furthers the need to investigate the role of genetics on weight loss and being able to tailor a diet to a particular individual based on their genetics".

At the end of the year, people on a low-fat diet reported a daily average fat intake of 57 grams while those on low-carb diets consumed about 132 grams of carbs per day.

"Also, we advised them to diet in a way that didn't make them feel hungry or deprived - otherwise it's hard to maintain the diet in the long run". This Stanford study looked at three specific genetic variants commonly utilized in nutrigenomic studies and known to be involved in fat and carbohydrate metabolism. Ultimately the subjects' genotypes did not appear to influence their responses to the diets.

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"Wouldn't that be helpful, if we just had this cool, simple genetic test, and you'll see which one you are?" But a study on Tuesday found neither approach is better than the other. Several companies now sell DNA tests that claim to identify certain genetic markers that can reveal whether a person is better suited to a low-carb or low-fat diet. The whole group attended nutrition classes, and each person was directed to minimize their intake of sugars, refined flours and trans fats while eating plenty of vegetables and nutrient-dense foods.


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